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Lobatus gigas   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pink conch

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lobatus gigas  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lobatus gigas (Pink conch)
Lobatus gigas
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Littorinimorpha | Strombidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 2 - 73 m (Ref. 83934), usually ? - 30 m (Ref. 97646).  Tropical; 33°N - 2°S, 97°W - 45°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic: South Carolina to Brazil.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 105315); max. reported age: 25 years (Ref. 97646)

Short description Morphology

Shell large, with relatively large spire, flared outer lip with posterior expansion projecting well beyond spire length. Spire taller than other species in genus. Sculpture of sharp knobs along shoulder. Colour: pale tan with thin brown periostracum. Internal shell colour deep pink.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The fisheries have grown exponentially in the last 30 years, with resulting declines in population and area closures. The species has been included on appendix 2 of CITES (Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species). International trade is allowed only from nations in which the populations of the species are not under threat from commercial fishing (Ref. 355). This species is found intertidal and offshore, on coral reefs, particularly on algae, coral sand, and seagrass habitats (Refs. 355, 83934). Adults prefer sandy algal flats; also found on gravel, coral rubble, smooth hard coral and beach rock bottoms. Rarely on soft bottoms of mud and/or silt. Benthic grazer. Feeds on diatoms, seagrass detritus, and various algae and epiphytes. Nocturnal (Ref. 105087).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Copulation may precede spawning. Spawning occurs on a type of calcareous sand formed from the fragmentation of coral reefs, including large quantities of calcareous skeletal remains from small molluscs and calcareous algae. Females deposit the egg mass on the substrate (Ref. 105320). Life cycle: Eggs hatch into veligers after 3-5 days which feed on phytoplankton; after 21 days they undergo metamorphosis (juvenile stage) where they remain buried in the sand and emerge in seagrass beds to feed; adults return to the shallow inshore waters to spawn.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Leal, J.H. 2003. (Ref. 355)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial
| FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us


Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.3 - 28, mean 27 (based on 146 cells).
Prior r = 0.97, 95% CL = 0.64 - 1.45, Based on 4 stock assessments.
Price category (Ref. 80766)