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Holothuria lessoni   Massin, Uthicke, Purcell, Rowe & Samyn, 2009

golden sandfish

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Holothuria lessoni  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Holothuria lessoni (golden sandfish)
Holothuria lessoni
Picture by Purcell, Steven

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida | Holothuriidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 108901), usually 0 - 10 m (Ref. 108901).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Papua New Guinea and Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 48.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80470); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80470); max. published weight: 2.8 kg (Ref. 122)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 92930. Found on inner reef flats, coastal lagoons, seagrass beds, or sandflats at depths of 0 to 30 m (Ref. 92930). Occurs predominantly from 0 to 10 m (Ref. 98471). During specific time of the day, it buries in sand or muddy-sand (Ref. 92930). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Massin, C., S. Uthicke, S.W. Purcell, F.W.E. Rowe and Y. Samyn. 2009. (Ref. 80470)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Endangered (EN) (A2bd); Date assessed: 18 May 2010

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.2 (based on 1951 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)