Holothuroidea | Holothuriida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 108901), usually 0 - 10 m (Ref. 108901). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Papua New Guinea and Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 48.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80470); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80470); max. published weight: 2.8 kg (Ref. 122)
Maximum depth from Ref. 92930. Found on inner reef flats, coastal lagoons, seagrass beds, or sandflats at depths of 0 to 30 m (Ref. 92930). Occurs predominantly from 0 to 10 m (Ref. 98471). During specific time of the day, it buries in sand or muddy-sand (Ref. 92930).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.
Massin, C., S. Uthicke, S.W. Purcell, F.W.E. Rowe and Y. Samyn. 2009. (Ref. 80470)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.2 (based on 1951 cells).