Holothuria lessoni Massin, Uthicke, Purcell, Rowe & Samyn, 2009
golden sandfish
photo by FAO

Family:  Holothuriidae (sea cucumbers)
Max. size:  48 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 2,800.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 25 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Papua New Guinea and Australia.
Diagnosis:   
Biology:  Maximum depth from Ref. 92930. Found on inner reef flats, coastal lagoons, seagrass beds, or sandflats at depths of 0 to 30 m (Ref. 92930). Occurs predominantly from 0 to 10 m (Ref. 98471). During specific time of the day, it buries in sand or muddy-sand (Ref. 92930). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN); Date assessed: 18 May 2010 (A2bd) Ref. 123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Purcell, Steven - 05.03.09
Modified by: Bato-David, Elizabeth - 23.06.16

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