Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 70 m (Ref. 83435). Temperate, preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945)
Western Atlantic Ocean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7726); max. reported age: 31 years (Ref. 8702)
Inhabits the shallow continental shelf (Ref. 106944). Suspension feeder (Ref. 78574).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Harvey-Clark, C. 1997. (Ref. 7726)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 6.2 - 24.6, mean 23.5 (based on 274 cells).
Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.70, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100)