Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 2 - 9 m (Ref. 121758). Temperate; 34°S - 47°S, 166°E - 179°E
Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Shallow water species (Ref. 121758). Lives in exposed sandy beaches (Ref. 121761) and sandy subtidal surf zone just offshore (Ref. 121759). Found in inshore and offshore waters (Ref. 121762).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Spurgeon, A. 2007. (Ref. 8121)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models