Cephalopoda | Sepiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; oceanodromous (Ref. 75927); depth range 10 - 150 m (Ref. 275), usually 60 - 150 m (Ref. 75927). Subtropical; 15°C - 25°C (Ref. 75927); 41°N - 6°N, 104°E - 138°E (Ref. 1695)
Western Pacific: South and East China seas, Japan to Philippines and Indonesia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 18.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 275); max. published weight: 600.00 g (Ref. 1695)
Caught by otter trawls, pound nets, hoop nets and hook-and-line (Ref. 346). Sometimes found burrowing in the substrate (Ref. 275).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.
Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 11.6 - 23.2, mean 18.5 (based on 195 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).