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Pyura stolonifera   (Heller, 1878)

red bait
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Ascidiacea | Pleurogona | Pyuridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Sessile; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 113256).  Tropical, preferred 17°C (Ref. 107945)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Atlantic, Indo-West Pacific, and the Antarctic: Equatorial west coasts of South America and west and southeast Africa. tropical to temperate.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101433)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This is the largest African pyurid, some specimens are larger than 10 cm across (Ref. 2673). Benthic, marine; aggregations on sediment free rocky substrate; solitary on sandy substrate (Ref. 1134). It forms aggregates or mats in rocky intertidal environments (Ref. 3464). Also found in pier piles and reefs. Feeds on plankton or particles (Ref. 101296). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kott, P. 2005. (Ref. 1134)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Tools

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.9 - 27.3, mean 21.2 (based on 1415 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown