Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 77 m (Ref. 96667). Tropical; 37°N - 38°S, 33°E - 149°W
Indo-Pacific: From the Red Sea, to Thailand and Philippines to Hawaii and French Polynesia, north to Japan and south to Tanzania, Madagascar and Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 1.0, range 1 - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm CW male/unsexed; (Ref. 343)
Only species of Podophthalmus with commercial value. Occurs in coastal (Ref. 117213) and offshore waters (Ref. 343). Subtidal (Ref. 106854). Inhabits sandy to muddy substrates (Refs. 343, 121749). Abundant in muddy flats (Ref. 121750). Shallow infratidal species down to 42 m depth but also found swimming at the surface (Refs. 121747, 121749), especially at night (Ref. 121749).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Ng, P.K.L. 1998. (Ref. 343)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.1 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 1364 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)