Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 125 m (Ref. 101291). Temperate, preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 17.0 cm SHD male/unsexed; (Ref. 101421)
Common shell diameter is 10 to 15 cm (Ref. 101421). It is a swimmer (Ref. 96498), suspension feeder (Refs. 3477, 96498). Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Jennings, S., J. Lancaster, A. Woolmer and J. Cotter. 1999. (Ref. 3123)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 7.3 - 12.5, mean 10.3 (based on 634 cells).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100)