Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 180 - 600 m (Ref. 4), usually 200 - 400 m (Ref. 85373). Subtropical, preferred 18°C (Ref. 107945); 55°N - 14°N, 19°W - 17°E (Ref. 4)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from west Ireland to southern Senegal and western Mediterranean. Subtropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 1.0  range ? - ? cm Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441); common length : 45.0 cm BL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441); max. reported age: 21 years (Ref. 76525)
Maximum body length: 50 cm; a single record of a specimen of 75 cm needs confirmation; usually the body length ranges between 20 and 40 cm (Ref. 4). Lives on rocky and coralligenous substrates near rocky outcrops in edges of the continental shelf (Ref. 85369). Fecundity is 60,000 eggs in females of 34-38 cm TL (14-15.7 cm CL) (Ref. 76525). However, Ref. 75369 reports a relative frequency of 136,000 eggs per kg (n=92).
Reproduces in late summer and fall (Refs. 76522, 76525).
Goñi, R. and D. Latrouite. 2005. (Ref. 85369)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 10.1 - 14.6, mean 13.2 (based on 89 cells).
Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100)