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Ophelia limacina   unspecified

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Polychaeta | Not assigned | Opheliidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 14 - 46 m (Ref. 125343).  Temperate; 76°N - 3°S, 143°E - 85°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Pacific Ocean, Arctic, Northern Atlantic, and the Mediterranean Sea. Polar to subtropical.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7882)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Species' maximum length from the Belgian part of the North Sea (Ref. 7882). Found along the coastal zone, often in moderately coarse sediment with low mud content (Ref. 7882). Also found on muddy fine sand (Ref. 118257). Suspension feeder (Ref. 118257). Surface deposit feeder (Ref. 66387).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Polychaeta are mostly gonochoric (sexual). Mating: Females produce a pheromone attracting and signalling the males to shed sperm which in turn stimulates females to shed eggs, this behavior is known as swarming. Gametes are spawned through the metanephridia or body wall rupturing (termed as "epitoky", wherein a pelagic, reproductive individual, "epitoke", is formed from a benthic, nonreproductive individual, "atoke"). After fertilization, most eggs become planktonic; although some are retained in the worm tubes or burrowed in jelly masses attached to the tubes (egg brooders). Life Cycle: Eggs develop into trocophore larva, which later metamorph into juvenile stage (body lengthened), and later develop into adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Harms, J. 1993. (Ref. 2711)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown