Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 1 - 170 m (Ref. 8), usually 10 - 30 m (Ref. 8). Tropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 30°N - 31°S, 29°E - 103°E
Indo-West Pacific and Southern Atlantic. Introduced in the Mediterranean. Tropical to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 1.0, range 1 - 1 cm Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 19.5 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 2.50 years (Ref. 104940)
Maximum carapace length: 5.0 cm (female; Ref. 7). Prefers bottom sandy mud (Ref. 8). Also occurs on seagrasses, mudflats, sandflats and mangrove channels. Frequently burrows (Ref. 106912). Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, molluscs, fishes, algae and detritus (Ref. 104916). Spawns throughout the year, with peaks from February to June and August (Ref. 104940).
Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Females spawn once every two (2) months (Ref. 104933).
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: occasionally
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 27.8 (based on 258 cells).
Prior r = 1.11, 95% CL = 0.74 - 1.67, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)