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Haliotis cracherodii   Leach, 1814

Black abalone

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Haliotis cracherodii  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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drawing shows typical species in Haliotidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Lepetellida | Haliotidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 865).  Subtropical; 44°N - 28°N, 125°W - 113°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Pacific: USA to Mexico. Historically occurred from Crescent City, California to southern Baja California, Mexico; however, current constricted range occurs from Point Arena, California to Bahia Tortugas, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm Max length : 29.0 cm SHW male/unsexed; (Ref. 312); max. reported age: 51 years (Ref. 8702)

Short description Morphology

Shell is dark blue-black and smooth. It is usually free from seaweed and other marine growth. The holes near the shell edge are used to carry of waste and release eggs and sperm (Ref. 312).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Fisheries: the meat is eaten fresh or dried; the shell is used as ornament or served as spoons or bowls (Ref. 312). Found under large rocks and in deep crevices in the middle to low intertidal zones. Herbivorous; known to grab drifting blades of brown algae with their tentacles; they also scrape diatoms and other microscopic algae from rocks. Usually feeds on various species of brown algae, but the smaller individuals ingest diatoms and coralline algae. Preyed on by humans. Under crowded conditions, adult abalones may graze the growth of marine plants from other shells (Ref. 312).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Broadcast spawners (Ref. 105180).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gallivan, G. and J. Danforth. 1999. (Ref. 312)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)

  Critically Endangered (CR) (A2ade+3e); Date assessed: 04 January 2021

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FishSource |


Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.2 - 18.6, mean 15.9 (based on 61 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Very high.