Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 3 - 20 m (Ref. 8294). Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 32°E - 137°W (Ref. 847)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm COLD male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)
The coral is circular in outline, up to 30 cm in diameter. The upper surface is fairly rough due to moderate to deeply incised septal dentations on most septocostae, and the lower surface is rough due to costal spines (Ref. 269). The coral is circular in outline, up to 30 cm in diameter.
Maximum depth from Ref. 98471. Found at intermediate depths on reef slopes (Ref. 269). Also on back reefs, reef flats, and lagoons. Solitary, free-living (Ref. 98471).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.4 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2495 cells).
Low vulnerability (20 of 100)