Holothuroidea | Apodida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 77 m (Ref. 81020). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: South Africa to Hawaii. Tropical to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 40.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 448); common length : 0.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Seagrass beds, coral boulders; benthic; crown (Ref. 473); common on reef and also on sandy bottoms (Ref. 800).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. 2003. (Ref. 473)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)