Florideophyceae | Ceramiales
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 80758). Tropical
Indo-Pacific and Atlantic Ocean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Thalli erect, dull brownish red. Branches densely clothed with hair-like determinate branchlets, especially at the upper half portion of the thallus. Branching of the main axis basically dichotomous but may become irregular due to the production of adventitious laterals. Determinate branchlets uncorticated and consisting of a distinct axial cell surrounded by nine pericentral cells. Thalli up to 9 cm in height (Ref. 80758).
Utilized for medicinal purposes: as anthelmintic, vermifuge and laxative; source of agar, kainic and a-allokainic acids, kainic acid is a vermifuge or anthelmintic against the parasitic round worm (Ascaris), the whip worm (Trichuris), and tapeworm (Taenia) (Ref. 80758). Abundant and commonly grows in the intertidal belt, down to depths of 20 m (Ref. 80758), on coral fragments, rocks or other hard substrates (Ref. 83908). Also grows in calm bays and in open lagoons (Ref. 80758).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Guiry, M.D. and G.M. Guiry. 2009. (Ref. 80701)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 18.1 - 28.9, mean 26.9 (based on 4020 cells).