Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomatida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 320 m (Ref. 865). Temperate
Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 3248)
Maximum depth from Ref. 116066. Epibenthic, encrusting, erect (Ref. 116066). Found in rocky subtidal (Ref. 116251), on giant kelp fronds, pilings, and boats hulls to a depth of 80 meters (Ref. 865). Suspension feeder (Ref. 116251).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Gappa, J.L. 2000. (Ref. 1202)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.8 - 24.9, mean 19.7 (based on 400 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)