Gymnolaemata | Ctenostomatida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 10 - 80 m (Ref. 125209). Temperate; 74°N - 36°N, 11°W - 175°E
Northeast Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea and the Arctic: from Ireland south to France and Mediterranean, then northeast to East Siberian Sea. Polar to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Occurs in shallow waters, <50 m depth, in fine sand substrate (Ref. 96391). Sessile (Ref. 3123). Main food based on another species of the same genus; to be replaced with a better reference (Ref. 87872).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Harms, J. 1993. (Ref. 2711)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models