Hydrozoa | Anthoathecata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 20 - 350 m (Ref. 120437). Polar
Atlantic and Arctic Oceans: USA, Iceland and Canada. Mostly polar, but also in subtropical and boreal.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
This is a solitary species (Ref. 19, 87872), with gonophores but no medusae. It is found in gulfs and estuaries particularly in circalittoral areas (Ref. 87872). Clay or mud dweller (Ref. 120436). Lives typically partially buried in sediments (Ref. 120437). Reproduction occurs only in hydroid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 14).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reproduction occurs only in hydroid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 14).
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models