Gymnolaemata | Ctenostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 22 m (Ref. 86508). Tropical
Indo-Pacific, Western Central Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: California, Gulf of California. Tropical and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Minimum depth from Ref. 116066. Epibenthic, encrusting (Ref. 116066). Found attached on mangrove roots (Ref. 86536). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Soule, J.D. 1963. (Ref. 874)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models