Polychaeta | Phyllodocida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 2 - 59 m (Ref. 107806). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Occurs in sand (sandy mud and shelly sand), clay, mud, shells and coral (Ref. 107806). Probably omnivores and scavengers as some species have been observed feeding on algae while others feed on invertebrates (e.g. ascidians) and carrion (Ref. 107862).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Polychaeta are mostly gonochoric (sexual). Mating: Females produce a pheromone attracting and signalling the males to shed sperm which in turn stimulates females to shed eggs, this behavior is known as swarming. Gametes are spawned through the metanephridia or body wall rupturing (termed as "epitoky", wherein a pelagic, reproductive individual, "epitoke", is formed from a benthic, nonreproductive individual, "atoke"). After fertilization, most eggs become planktonic; although some are retained in the worm tubes or burrowed in jelly masses attached to the tubes (egg brooders). Life Cycle: Eggs develop into trocophore larva, which later metamorph into juvenile stage (body lengthened), and later develop into adults.
Wehe, T. and D. Fiege. 2002. (Ref. 2663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.1 - 28.5, mean 26.7 (based on 178 cells).