Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 114765). Subtropical, preferred 15°C (Ref. 107945); 70°N - 35°S, 25°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: Norway to South Africa, east to Egypt, Gulf of Suez.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 7.7 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 109255); common length : 4.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 437)
Buried in sand, gravel, or mud bottoms (Ref. 114581).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 437)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 14.5 - 26.2, mean 18.8 (based on 176 cells).