Anthozoa | Actiniaria
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 2 - 300 m (Ref. 119523). Boreal; 81°N - 43°N, 44°W - 141°E
Northwest Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic. Temperate and boreal to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Solitary (Ref. 2377). Carnivore; trophic level 3 (Ref. 96418). A littoral species (Ref. 96494); inhabits sand-scoured or circalittoral rock (Ref. 96497). Found attached to rocks and boulders in situations where strong water movement prevails (Ref. 96495).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models