Mammalia | Cetacea
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 75906); depth range 0 - 2000 m, usually 1 - 50 m. Tropical; 90°N - 90°S, 15°E - 180°E
Indo-Pacific and Southern Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - 1 cm Max length : 270 cm BL male/unsexed; (Ref. 104989); max. published weight: 230.0 kg (Ref. 104988)
They prefer living on seagrass meadows and rocky substrata (Ref. 114971). Feeds on bony fishes and cephalopods (Ref. 84677). Attacked and preyed upon by tiger sharks Galeocerdo cuvier (Ref. 104930). This species was reported to display complex prey handling of the benthic-dwelling Maori octopus (Macroctopus maorum), processing its prey by shaking and tossing (Ref. 122728). The same octopus was reported to have asphyxiated an adult male of this species, with the octopus arms protruding from the mouth and the rest of the body blocking the pharynx, larynx and
esophagus (Ref. 122729).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rice, D.W. 1998. (Ref. 1522)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 21.9 - 29, mean 27.6 (based on 2288 cells).