Gastropoda | Trochida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 75835). Tropical; 31°N - 28°S, 42°E - 124°W
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 5.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)
One of the most frequently collected Turbinidae in the area, mainly for food. Shell also used as material for making buttons (Ref. 349). Sublittoral zone, in shallow water. Found in exposed areas of coral reefs (Ref. 349). Intertidal to 5 m, seaward on coral reefs (Ref. 75835). Herbivorous and detritus feeder (Ref. 107013).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Patellogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
): 25.6 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2967 cells).
Prior r = 1.19, 95% CL = 0.79 - 1.79, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)