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Turbo marmoratus   Linnaeus, 1758

Green turban

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Turbo marmoratus  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Turbo marmoratus (Green turban)
Turbo marmoratus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Trochida | Turbinidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 349).  Tropical; 31°N - 29°S, 79°E - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific: from East Africa, to eastern Melanesia; north to southern Japan and south to northern Queensland and Fiji Islands. Successfully introduced in French Polynesia in the 1960s.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 22.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 18.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Extensively used for food, shell jewelry, inlay, and button making. It is the most important commercial species of Turbinidae in the tropical Indo-West Pacific. Intensive fishing for the mother-of-pearl trade has drastically reduced many turban populations in recent years. In order to protect existing resources and to increase the possibilities of long-term exploitations, attempts of juvenile production, reintroduction, translocation, and commercial legislation are under way in the area (Ref. 349). Maximum depth from Ref. 75835. In subtidal, coral reef areas open to a constant flow of clean oceanic water. Juveniles mainly living on reef crests; adults also occurring deeper on slopes to about 20 m or more (Ref. 349). Found at depths of 10 to 30 m, on rocks (Ref. 75835). Primarily herbivorous, with few small animals eaten that are associated with the assemblage of algae (Ref. 105749).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Patellogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FishSource |


More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.7 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 2558 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): High.