Gymnolaemata | Cyclostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 14 - 230 m (Ref. 89538). Subtropical
Central Pacific: Cuba, Caribbean, tropical waters of western Pacific, Raza Island in Gulf of California, James and Charles Islands in Galapagos, Panama.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Depth range based on New Caledonia known depth (Ref. 89538). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Soule, J.D. 1963. (Ref. 874)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 15.9 - 27.2, mean 24.1 (based on 142 cells).