Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Others; brackish. Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Non-breeding individuals frequent on freshwater, marine and artificial wetlands such as swamps, open muddy or rocky shores of lakes and large rivers, salt marshes, sandy or muddy coastal flats, mangroves, estuaries, lagoons and pools on tidal reefs. They feed on insects, spiders, annelids, molluscs and crustaceans (amphipods) (Ref. 107891).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hüppop, O., J. Dierschke, K.-M. Exo, E. Fredrich and R. Hill. 2006. (Ref. 96348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 1649 cells).