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Trichechus manatus   Linnaeus, 1758

West Indian manatee
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Trichechus manatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Sirenia | Trichechidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Demersal; freshwater; brackish; depth range 0 - 13 m (Ref. 116169), usually 2 - 5 m (Ref. 81178).  Tropical; 38°N - 21°S, 89°W - 35°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic: Trichechus manatus manatus: from the coasts and rivers of Mexico to as far south to Rio Doce, Brazil including the Orinoco and Amazon; Trichechus manatus latirostris: from the Florida Peninsula to Rhode Island. Tropical to temperate.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 390 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 1.6 t (Ref. 1394)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in coastal marine, brackish and freshwater areas. Feeds on aquatic plants, (i.e. water hyacinths and marine seagrasses, algae, parts of mangrove trees, floating and shoreline vegetation); invertebrates (i.e. tunicates); and fish they remove from fishing nets (Ref. 1394). Found in coastal marine, brackish and freshwater areas (Ref. 1394), where primary habitat consists of rivers, coastal lagoons and bays and mangrove islands (Ref. 86755). Feeds on aquatic plants, (i.e. water hyacinths and marine seagrasses, algae, parts of mangrove trees, floating and shoreline vegetation); invertebrates (i.e. tunicates); and fish they remove from fishing nets (Ref. 1394).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Vulnerable (VU) (C1); Date assessed: 30 June 2008

CITES status (Ref. 108899)


CMS (Ref. 116361)


Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Tools

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.9 - 28, mean 26.5 (based on 562 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown