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Toxopneustes pileolus   (Lamarck, 1816)

flower urchin

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Toxopneustes pileolus  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Toxopneustes pileolus (flower urchin)
Toxopneustes pileolus
Picture by Bos, Arthur

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Echinoidea | Temnopleuroida | Toxopneustidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 90 m (Ref. 81020).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Southeast Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 800)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral rubble and rocky reef areas, seagrass beds and coral reefs (Ref. 800). Has poisonous pedicellariae (Ref. 2957). Feeds on calcareous sediments (Ref. 108108). Members of the class Echinoidea are gonochoric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, eggs are held either on the peristome, around the periproct or deep into the concavities on the petaloids. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (echinoplateus) and live for several months before they sink to the bottom using their tube feet to adhere on the ground where they metamorphose into young urchins (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Echinoidea are gonochoric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, eggs are held either on the peristome, around the periproct or deep into the concavities on the petaloids. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (echinoplateus) and live for several months before they sink to the bottom using their tube feet to adhere on the ground where they metamorphose into young urchins.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Schoppe, S. 2000. (Ref. 800)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


| FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1174 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown