Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Others; brackish. Subtropical
Indo-West Pacific, Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Subtropical to tropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 43.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 240.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 5.18 cm; tarsus: 2.56 cm; wing: 28.6 cm.
Total Length: 38 to 43 cm; Wingspan: 89 to 94 cm (Ref. 8812). Plunge diving; dipping; coastal (Ref. 356). Feeds on small fish (Ref. 801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.8 - 29.3, mean 28 (based on 1128 cells).
Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100)