Gastropoda | Trochida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 349). Tropical; 38°N - 30°S, 42°E - 168°W
Indo-Pacific: from Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Christmas Island, to the entire Southeast Asia and Australia, east to American Samoa, and north to Japan and China.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 8.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)
Abundant in rocky shore habitats. Also found in shallow subtidal zones (Ref. 349).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Archaeogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.5 (based on 2891 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).