Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848). Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 32°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Melanesia, north to Japan and south to Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Formation: hemispherical to flat. Valley: 20 to 25 mm wide, in average; irregularly meandroid, straight in flat colonies. Walls: moderately thick, fleshy, with a grove along the top. Color: widely ranging from red to gray and green, with valleys and walls often of contrasting color. Colonies in Red Sea are commonly cream colored (Ref. 848).
Occurs in upper reef slopes and fringing reefs (Ref. 848).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
Nemenzo, F. Sr. 1986. (Ref. 910)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.7 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1106 cells).