Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848). Tropical; 22°N - 12°S, 43°E - 132°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Yemen, Maldives, Indonesia to Philippines.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Formation: hemispherical or flat; rarely exceeds 0.2 m across. Valleys: short, often wide, usually less than 25 mm wide. Walls: thick, may have an ambulacral groove in extreme cases. Thick costae. Septa: thick, with large blunt spines. Columellae: large, centered in valleys. Color: cream (Ref. 848).
Occurs in exposed upper reef slopes and reef flats (Ref. 848).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 28.2 - 29.3, mean 28.8 (based on 1293 cells).