Ascidiacea | Stolidobranchia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 1315 - 5450 m (Ref. 1662). Temperate
Mediterranean, Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.7 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 1662)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Sanamyan, K.E. and N.P. Sanamyan. 1999. (Ref. 1662)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.3 - 2.8, mean 2 (based on 2444 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)