Aves | Charadriiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-Pacific, Southern Atlantic and the Antarctic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 66.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 1.9 kg (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 5.72 cm; tarsus: 7.87 cm; wing: 42.41 cm.
Total Length: 61 to 66 (Ref. 8812). A coastal, surface seizing species (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hemmings, A.D. 1989. (Ref. 91800)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 2.1 - 22.5, mean 13.8 (based on 498 cells).
Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100)