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Squilla mantis   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Spottail mantis shrimp

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Squilla mantis  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Squilla mantis (Spottail mantis shrimp)
Squilla mantis
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Stomatopoda | Squillidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 367 m (Ref. 363), usually ? - 120 m (Ref. 436).  Subtropical, preferred 20°C (Ref. 107945); 45°N - 17°S, 18°W - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Atlantic from Gulf of Cadiz, Canary, Madeira Island and south to Angola, and the Mediterranean Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 14.7, range 2 - 2.4 cm Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 363)

Short description Morphology

Stomatopod of average size; Maximum: 20 cm; common of 12 to 18 cm. Body: with very marked peaks, peaks sub median of the 5th abdominal segment with posterior spines; process lateral of the 5th thoracic segment ending in only one tooth very pointed and bent forwards. Dorsal face of the telson: with a median peak marked well and many small depressions, but deprived of lines of tubers. Dactyl of the leg: kidnapper armed with 6 spines, its regularly convex external edge. Coloring: yellowish or brownish; often reddish or bluish peaks. A dark line extends along the posterior edge from the thoracic segments, 6 to 8 and the abdominal segments, 1 to 5; a median rectangular spot sinks on the second abdominal segment; telson marked of yellow and with 2 spots dark chestnut surrounded of a white ring (Ref. 363).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Importance: Semi-industrial, artisanal and sporting fishing with basic trawls, trémails, bow nets, dredgers and seines of beach. Maximum depth from Ref. 106945. Benthic, strongly related to bottom sediments (Ref. 106945). Demersal above muddy bottoms (Ref. 363). Found from littoral to sublittoral depths on sandy, muddy, silty sand and sandy mud bottoms. Strongly sedentary. Burrows especially in areas with suitable burrowing substrates like fine sand and sandy mud exist. Highly territorial (Ref. 106945).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Males produce sperm ducts rather than spermatophores; females can brood a maximum of 50,000 eggs (Ref. 833). Life cycle: Females incubate eggs in burrows (Ref. 108993). Eggs hatch to planktonic zoea which lasts for 3 months (Ref. 833). Mating behavior: Spawning occurs from winter to spring (Ref. 108993). Females spawn once only (Ref. 108996).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Vacelet, J. 1987. (Ref. 363)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us


Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.2 - 19.3, mean 15.5 (based on 244 cells).
Prior r = 0.56, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.84, Based on 5 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Very high.