Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 106944). Subtropical, preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945); 65°N - 32°N, 24°W - 12°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: From southern Iceland to North Sea, Morocco and Madeira to the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7882)
Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2758, p. 805); to be replaced with better reference. Minimum depth from Ref. 2703. Species' maximum length from the Belgian part of the North Sea (Ref. 7882). Found along the coasts and further out into the open sea, mainly on top of sea banks. Shallowly burrows in coarse-grained sediment. A suspension feeder (Ref. 7882).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Gaspar, M.B., M.N. Santos and P. Vasconcelos. 2001. (Ref. 2758)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.6 - 12.5, mean 10.4 (based on 344 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)