You can sponsor this page

Spisula solida   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Solid surf clam

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Spisula solida  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos 
| All pictures | Google image |
Image of Spisula solida (Solid surf clam)
Spisula solida
Picture by Fenwick, David

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Venerida | Mactridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 106944).  Subtropical, preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945); 65°N - 32°N, 24°W - 12°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: From southern Iceland to North Sea, Morocco and Madeira to the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7882); max. reported age: 13 years (Ref. 106244)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2758, p. 805); to be replaced with better reference. Minimum depth from Ref. 2703. Species' maximum length from the Belgian part of the North Sea (Ref. 7882). Found along the coasts and further out into the open sea, mainly on top of sea banks. Shallowly burrows in coarse-grained sediment. A suspension feeder (Ref. 7882). Sampling was from June 1995 to June 1996 (Ref. 126985).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gaspar, M.B., M.N. Santos and P. Vasconcelos. 2001. (Ref. 2758)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us


More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.6 - 12.5, mean 10.4 (based on 344 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.23-0.43; tm=1; tmax=13).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Low.