Holothuroidea | Apodida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 2 - 503 m (Ref. 89988). Polar
Antarctic Atlantic and Indian oceans: Western Antarctica, South America, Indian Ocean and Java Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89988)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.
O'Loughlin, P.M. and D. Vanden Spiegel. 2010. (Ref. 89988)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.3 - 2.6, mean 1 (based on 38 cells).