Cephalopoda | Sepiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 1695). Tropical; 31°N - 26°S, 32°E - 89°E (Ref. 1695)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 19.6 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 123050); 21.2 cm ML (female); max. published weight: 700.00 g (Ref. 123050); max. published weight: 700.00 g
Common mantle length: 5.0 to 11.0 cm. Common mantle length ranges between 5 and 11 cm in Indian trawl catches off Waltair (Ref. 3722). From coastline to a depth of 40 m (Ref. 801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.
Jereb, P. and C.F.E. Roper (eds.). 2005. (Ref. 1695)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 21.7 - 28.4, mean 25 (based on 250 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)