Cephalopoda | Sepiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 17 - 160 m (Ref. 275), usually 70 - 140 m (Ref. 275). Tropical; 28°N - 13°S, 21°W - 14°E (Ref. 1695)
Eastern Atlantic: from Canary Island and Guinea Current to Angola.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 18.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 1695); 13.4 cm ML (female)
Maximum size for male/unsexed is 18 cm, mantle length (Ref. 104052). Minimum depth from Ref. 91331. Feeds on molluscs (including other cephalopods), crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 275).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.
Jereb, P. and C.F.E. Roper (eds.). 2005. (Ref. 1695)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 15.1 - 17.3, mean 16.3 (based on 26 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)