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Scyllarus pygmaeus   (Bate, 1888)

Pygmy locust lobster

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scyllarus pygmaeus  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scyllarus pygmaeus (Pygmy locust lobster)
Scyllarus pygmaeus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Scyllaridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 5 - 1200 m (Ref. 4).  Subtropical; 46°N - 14°N, 26°W - 36°E (Ref. 4)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Central Atlantic and the Mediterranean: From the western Mediterranean (Melilla, Spanish Morocco) to the coast of Israel and Cyprus (but not yet reported from the North African coast east of Morocco).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)

Short description Morphology

Carapace with three distinct acute teeth in the median line before the cervical groove (the gastric, pregastric and rostral teeth). Region between the postrostral and branchial carinae with only few tubercles and with extensive smooth areas. Abdomen without a sharp elevated median longitudinal carina, but each abdominal somites 2 to 5 with an elongate lobulate figure in the middle. The exposed part of the abdominal somites 2 to 5 with an arborescent arrangement of very narrow grooves. Somite 1 with a complete transverse groove, behind which there are numerous short longitudinal grooves that may be rather irregular in shape and sometimes are interconnected by transverse grooves; this posterior part of somite 1 is no longer in the middle than laterally. The smooth anterior half of abdominal somites 2 to 6 (i.e., the part that disappears under the tergum of the previous somite when the abdomen is fully stretched) on either side with a short transverse groove in which hairs are implanted. Fourth segment of antenna with a single oblique median carina. Outer margin of the segment with 2, the inner margin with 3 or 4 teeth (not including the apical tooth). Thoracic sternum anteriorly U-shapedly incised in the middle. A blunt and low but conical tubercle on the last thoracic sternite. Dactyli of legs without fringes of hair. Colour: pale brownish or pinkish with patches of darker hairs. Two dark spots on the dorsal face of the first abdominal somite in the sibmedian region (Ref. 4).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

It has lengths of 5.5 cm, maximum total length, usually not more than 4 cm; 1 cm (males) and 1.15 cm, (females) (Ref. 4). Maximum depth is from Ref. 119076. Occurs at a depth range from 5 to 100 m (Ref. 4).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Ovigerous females in June and August.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 December 2009

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: of potential interest
| FishSource |


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.4 - 21.6, mean 18.6 (based on 192 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Very high.