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Scopalina ruetzleri   (Wiedenmeyer, 1977)

orange lumpy encrusting sponge

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scopalina ruetzleri  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scopalina ruetzleri (orange lumpy encrusting sponge)
Scopalina ruetzleri
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drawing shows typical species in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Demospongiae | Halichondrida | Dictyonellidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 2 - 28 m (Ref. 108813).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean wide.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)

Short description Morphology

Thin to thick encrusting: 0.5 - 2 cm thick. Bright orange to yellowish orange, externally and internally. The surface is conulose; transparent with scattered and membranous oscules. The consistency is very soft and limp (Ref. 415).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum thickness: 2 cm (Ref. 415). It is common on mangrove roots; peat banks; and on shallow reefs habitats (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.6 - 28.3, mean 27.1 (based on 304 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown