Demospongiae | Halichondrida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 2 - 28 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean wide.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thin to thick encrusting: 0.5 - 2 cm thick. Bright orange to yellowish orange, externally and internally. The surface is conulose; transparent with scattered and membranous oscules. The consistency is very soft and limp (Ref. 415).
Maximum thickness: 2 cm (Ref. 415). It is common on mangrove roots; peat banks; and on shallow reefs habitats (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.6 - 28.3, mean 27.1 (based on 304 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)