Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 80 m (Ref. 848). Tropical; 29°N - 25°S, 98°W - 31°W (Ref. 848)
Central Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to Caribbean Sea. Southwest Atlantic: Brazil.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Usually attached, but may be free-living with a tapered base. Polyps: with one, rarely 2 or more, centers; may exceed 100 mm across but may be only a few millimeters thick, with tiers formed by successive regrowths. Several mouths may be present on corallites. Slightly different sizes of 2 to 3 orders of septa present. Paliform crown may be distinguished. Fleshy polyps. Color: uniform or variegated brown, red, tan, or green; sometimes bright orange but photographs brown (Ref. 848).
Maximum depth from Ref. 116012. Zooxanthellate (Ref. 116012). Occurs in lower reef slopes, soft substrates (Ref. 848) and hard substrate (Ref. 116012), occasionally on deep reefs and shaded walls (Ref. 415).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.8 - 28.2, mean 27.4 (based on 682 cells).