Cephalopoda | Octopoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 100 - 800 m (Ref. 275), usually 100 - 400 m (Ref. 275). Tropical; 45°N - 31°S, 89°W - 36°E (Ref. 107080)
Atlantic, Indo-Pacific and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 1.0  range ? - ? cm Max length : 12.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 104052)
Littoral. On muddy bottom (Ref. 2082). Inhabits areas with low light levels (Ref. 106818). Associated with coralline bottoms ( Ref. 275). Capable of various color patterns, skin textures and body postures (Ref. 106818). Octopods are carnivores, preying mainly on crustaceans, fish and shelled molluscs (Ref. 96968).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.
Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 10.5 - 22.1, mean 14.7 (based on 459 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)