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Rissa tridactyla   (Linnaeus, 1758)

black-legged kittiwake
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Image of Rissa tridactyla (black-legged kittiwake)
Rissa tridactyla
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drawing shows typical species in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Aves | Ciconiiformes | Laridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Others.  Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Atlantic Ocean, Indo-Pacific and the Arctic. Temperate to polar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cmmax. published weight: 407.00 g (Ref. 356)

Short description Morphology

Culmen: 3.615 cm; tarsus: 4.02 cm; wing: 31.885 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found along the coastal and continental shelf, further offshore over shelf break and oceanic regions, <185 km. Exercise dipping and pattering behavior (Ref. 356). From the east coast of Scotland and northern England, this species forage widely, both inshore and offshore in the North Sea, and surface-feed by scooping prey from the water; although with relatively limited ability to exploit the water column. Known to feed on the sandeel, Ammodytes marinus and identified as most sensitive to sandeel-fishery closure in this region. They form nesting colonies with breeding pairs sharing incubation and chick-rearing duties. Adults feed their chicks with regurgitated food (Ref. 95711).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2abd+3bd+4abd); Date assessed: 08 August 2018

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


| FishSource |

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.5 - 12.1, mean 7.1 (based on 1285 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown