Palaeacanthocephala | Echinorhynchida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Northeast Atlantic, Mediterranean and Western Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2278); 1.71 cm TL (female)
The proboscis is elongate, slender and cylindrical. Proboscis hooks are large and uniform in size (14-16 rows of 26 hooks each or 22-25 longitudinal rows of 36-40 hooks each) with a row of longer hooks at the base. A few hooks are present on one side of the anterior body. Females are large and orange in color, males smaller and cream-colored.
7.6 cm (TL) Female maximum length from Ref. 359. In many offshore and some inshore fishes (Ref. 429).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Williams, E.H. Jr. and L. Bunkley-Williams. 1996. (Ref. 359)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)