Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-Pacific, Southern Atlantic and the Antarctic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 81.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 6.1 kg (Ref. 356)
This species is known to breed in small colonies where there are other penguin species present (Ref. 91362). Pursuit diving (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Collins, M.A. and R. Villanueva. 2006. (Ref. 84303)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100)