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Pusa hispida   (Schreber, 1775)

Ringed seal

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pusa hispida  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pusa hispida (Ringed seal)
Pusa hispida
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Carnivora | Phocidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Bathydemersal.  Polar; 90°N - 0°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northeast Atlantic, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and the Arctic: Svalbard, Hudson Bay and Strait (Canada), Bering and Baltic Seas (Ref. 1394). Pusa hispida hispida: Arctic Ocean, Bering Sea, North Pole, James Bay and Baffin Island (Nunavut), Strait of Belle Isle (Newfoundland), Greenland, Barents Sea, Norway, White Sea, Kamchatka, Bristol Bay in Alaska, and vagrant to Azores, Germany, Portugal, New Jersey, Southern California; Pusa hispida botnica: Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia and Finland, Sweden, Latvia; Pusa hispida ladogensis: Russia, Gulf of Finland, Lake Ladoga, White Sea; Pusa hispida saimensis: Finland; Pusa hispida ochotensis: Sea of Okhotsk, Japan, Russia, Kamchatka, and vagrant to Jiangsu, China (Ref. 1522). Climate: Circumpolar, subtropical, boreal.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 165 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 110.0 kg (Ref. 1394)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on fishes and planktonic crustaceans (Ref. 1394). Incidental injuries and death of this species are caused by commercial fishing gears, i.e., flatfish trawl, pollock trawl, cod trawl, and cod longline (Ref. 118427). Typically stays in ice-covered waters year-round (Ref. 117965). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 1394) and planktonic crustaceans like pelagic amphipods and mysids (Ref. 117965).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 January 2016

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us


More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): -1.8 - 4.1, mean -0.4 (based on 11480 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)