Aves | Charadriiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 45.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 2.48 cm; wing: 20.5 cm.
Total Length: 25 to 30 cm; Wingspan: 46 to 61 cm (Ref. 8812). Coastal or nearshore (Refs. 356, 122680); occasionally offshore (Ref. 356). Feeds around upwelling currents (Ref. 356). Exhibits pattering and dipping behavior (Ref. 356); sometimes paddles on water (Ref. 91362). Feeds nearshore, capturing the smallest prey of any Hawaiian seabird, mainly larval lizardfishes, flounders, goatfishes and
flyingfish, as well as squid, crustaceans and insects (Ref. 122680). Solitary breeder or forms small loose breeding colonies. Sedentary (Ref. 91362).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 17.9 - 28.9, mean 26.2 (based on 854 cells).
Low vulnerability (20 of 100).